Prolactin is a hormone primarily associated with lactation but it also plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle and fertility. Prolactin affects the secretion of other reproductive hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, which can influence menstrual regularity and ovulation.
Elevated prolactin levels, can disrupt the delicate hormonal balance, leading to irregular or absent periods and difficulties with ovulation. Proper diagnosis and management of elevated prolactin are crucial in restoring hormonal balance and optimizing reproductive health.
In summary, the association between prolactin and estrogen is complex and involves the regulation of each other's production.